|TAF >> NY & the World >> Teaching Materials >> Indian Empires|
Early South Asian civilization, specifically the Indus Valley civilization, is contemporary with the civilization of ancient Egypt, the civilization of ancient Mesopotamia and early Chinese civilization located in the Yellow River Valley. All of these regions shared the geographic characteristic as major river valleys. The abundance of water allowed for irrigation even in terms of scarce rainfall. The two most important sites in the Indus Valley were Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, an area which today is in northwestern India and Pakistan. The two capitals Of the Indus spread over 1000 miles along the floor of the valley.
Other civilizations developed on the subcontinent. By the third century A.D., the Gupta Empire was developed from the Himalayas to the Krishna River in the south. lit the Deccan, the Pallavas and the cholas ruled from 600 to 1300 A.D.
In our study of the Middle East, we examined the "birthplace of civilization," the great river valley civilization of Mesopotamia at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. We now know that civilization had many "birthplaces", including the, Indus River Valley in India.
Distribute Worksheet 1: A Visitor Returns from Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Allow students time to read selection and complete exercise
We know that throughout history societies have come into contact with and had conflict with other groups. We also know that societies sprang up at approximately the same time around the world - the Tigris River Valley in Mesopotamia, The Nile River Valley in Egypt, the Yellow River valley in China and the Indus River valley in what is now Pakistan.
Distribute Worksheet 2: Artifacts from the Indus Valley
Distribute Worksheet 3: Progress Reported in Struggle to Save imperiled Ruin
From the period of 2500 B.C. until 1300 A.D. (approximately 4,000 years) India had contact with many different cultures.
Distribute Worksheet 4: A Time Line of Contacts and Conquests. Review timeline with class, identifying the empire and the contribution.
each case, do you think the contact and conquest was a positive or negative
Summary / Application
Working in dyads, students will select one ancient culture previously studied and analyze how the society was affected by contact and conquest with other cultures.
Expanding the Activities
Because of the length and complexity of the lesson, it might be advisable to distribute some of worksheets as homework assignments.